Trend Analysis Process Overview
This page displays the results of a statistical ten-year trend analysis developed to use selected water quality parameters from the Water Atlas.
In addition to a summary visualization of the trend results, it also provides a compiled data set, and explanatory digital documents that will be valuable to natural resource managers as they attempt to characterize and react to water quality conditions and trends. The statistical analytical techniques employed by this tool were modified from the approach used by Janicki Environmental, Inc. in the 2013 Water Quality Data Analysis Report for the Coastal & Heartland National Estuary Partnership.
The Seasonal Kendall Tau test for trend available in the EnvStats R package is used as the statistical approach.
The model employs techniques to account for seasonality, autocorrelation and duplicate sampling, in an effort to detect statistically significant trends in the data.
Analysis was performed on a suite of water quality measures for each of approximately 900 monitoring sites.
For each site/water quality measure, the analysis determined whether a statistically significant trend was detected, and if so, whether it was increasing or decreasing, weak (<10% change/year) or strong (>10%/year).
The amount of nutrients entering a water body has important effects on water quality.
Plants and animals that live in lakes, rivers and estuaries use these nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, to grow and survive.
However, when excessive amounts of nutrients enter the water, negative impacts can occur, such as algal blooms that block sunlight for submerged plants and trigger events that deplete the oxygen in the water and result in fish kills.
The indicators shown here are those most valuable in assessing the health of our waterways relative to nutrient pollution.
1. Millard SP (2013). EnvStats: An R Package for Environmental Statistics. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4614-8455-4, https://www.springer.com.